Maria Mitchell(1818-1889),the first woman astronomer(天文学家)in the United States,was born in Nantucket,Massachusetts.Her parents valued education and insisted on giving her thesame quality of education that boys received.
Her father,William Mitchell,was an astronomer and teacher himself.When he built his ownschool,Maria became a student and also a teaching assistant to him.At home,Maria's father taughther to watch the stars and other natural objects in space using his personal telescope(望远镜).
Later she went to work at the library of the Nantucket Atheneum.Over the next twenty years,she further developed her interest in reading as many books as she could.She spent her nightswatchingo the sky closely with her father.
On October 1,1847,Mafia discovered a comet(彗星)by merely using a two-inch telescope.Some years before,King Frederick V[of Denmark had set up prizes to each discoverer of a"telescopic comet".The prize was to be given to the"first discoverer"of each such comet becausecomets were often discovered by more than one person.
There was once a question of who should be the winner.As the story goes,Francesco de Vicohad discovered the same comet two days later,but had reported it to the European officialor~ni~tion first.However,after some discussion this was settled in Mitchell's favor.She won the ptite in 1848 and became a big name the world over.The comet was named"Miss Mitchell's Comet".
40.What can be learnt about Mafia's parents according to the text?
A.They came from low-income families.
B.They gave Mafia equal chance for education.
C.They were both astronomers.
D.They were both teachers.
41.Who played the most important role in Mafia's great achievement?
A.King Frederick VI.
B.Francesco de Vico.
42.What problem did Maria meet with in winning the prize?
A.She named the comet on her own.
B.She did not use the required telescope.
C.She did not report her discovery in time.
D.She discovered the comet with her father.
43.When did Francesco de Vico discover the comet?
A.In 1818;B.In 1889;C.In 1848;D.In 1847.
Many schools have their art programs removed in an effort to improve test scores and save
money.However,some researchers believe that this is not correct.Students can master some basicskills in art class that they cannot find in a normal classroom.Allow me to share why you have to take art class.
First and most important,it stimulates creativity(激发创造力).Art schools encourage you tothink outside the box and be creative enough to create something artistic.It can be used not only in art but in life,too Besides,it helps you make the right choice.In art class,you are usually free to do what you want.In every art class,you are required to make decisions that can determine what your painting will turn out to be.
In addition,students can learn the art of critical(批判性的)thinking as a skill of observation(观察).For example,art students find ways to imagine.That is a skill they need to become better readers and problem settlers.
What is more,it is noted that the company's bosses are actively looking for employees who can think creatively.Creative thinking is one of the most important skills that students can learn in art courses.
Finally,students who are trained in art class have interesting mental habits.They learn how to work on a task for a long time and how to continue to work even if they are discouraged.They are better for creating a link between the classroom and the outside world.In addition,children who do art work are able to look back on their work and make judgments about themselves.
44.Why are art programs removed from many schools?
A.To make students have their own hobbies.
B.To improve students'test scores and save money.
C.To help students master some job skills.
D.To give students more free time.
45.What is the most important quality students develop in art class?
46.What can we learn from the text?
A.Art students are easily employed.
B.Art programs may bring a lot of money.
C.Art class can help students in many ways.
D.Art teachers should pay more attention to tests.